The almond, scientifically known as Prunus dulcis, is native to the Middle East and South Asia. The fruit of the almond tree is not a true fruit, but a drupe that has an outer shell and a hard shell with seeds inside. Almonds are sold with the skin intact. The hulled almonds are prepared by treating the hulled almonds with hot water and then exposing the white embryo. It is a deciduous tree from 10 to 40 cm in height with a trunk diameter of 30 cm.
Young twigs are green but turn purple when exposed to sunlight and turn gray when they are two years old. Leaves are 3-5 inches long and 2.5 cm long serrated. The flowers are white or pale pink with five petals and can be borne singly or in pairs before spring autumn. The almond tree begins to bear fruit at 5 years. You can buy natural almond oil via browsing the web.
The global production of almonds is about 1.7 million tons per year. Two types of almond trees are known. One produces sweet almonds and the other produces bitter almonds. The sweet almond kernel contains both a fixed oil and an emulsifier and was used in the early 1900s in medicines. However, bitter almond is more popular in the medical field, especially in aromatherapy.
Almonds can be eaten raw or roasted and are also an important ingredient in many dishes. It is available in different forms such as whole and shredded butter, almond butter, almond milk, and almond oil. These different forms are used in various desserts, as well as in other preparations.
Like other nuts, it is sprinkled on many desserts and ice creams. Sweet almonds are used in sweets and nougat. Sweet almonds are also used to make almond butter, similar to peanut butter but with a less salty taste. Almonds can be processed to make almond milk, which is a suitable option for vegetarians with lactose intolerance.