Deaf persons have the legal right to obtain a qualified translator. From a legal perspective, qualified legal translators have certain skills to ensure that the right of the deaf to attend and participate is not violated.
The interpretation of legislation requires highly qualified and trained specialists because of the considerable consequences for the people involved in the event of a failed communication. In addition to attorney/client conferences, the legal interpretation also includes court translation, law enforcement investigations, deposits, witness interviews, real estate settlements, judicial treatment, educational programs, and administrative/legislative hearings.
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Legal translators are subject to the NAD-RID code of conduct, according to which translators "must possess the necessary skills and professional knowledge for each interpretation situation".
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 mandates the use of "qualified translators." In the Implementing Regulations, a qualified interpreter is defined as "a person who can interpret receptively and expressively effectively, accurately and impartially using the required specialist vocabulary".
Most legal assignments usually require at least two translators. Because legal tasks are usually more complex, translators often work in teams and support each other at set times.
One translator actively translates while the other translates to ensure the correctness of the interpretation. The process alternates between two translators at appropriate intervals.