Oil spills can be a threat to the marine and shoreline ecosystems and its impact can be reduced with a fast response. Containing mechanically is one of the best defensive strategies that can be used to bring the situation back to normal.
Chemical and biological materials also effective in cleaning the shoreline and the open ocean areas were affected by the spill. The natural process of evaporation and biodegradation can also go a long way in cleaning it. You can get more information about oil spill response via online sources.
Containment booms are used to concentrate the oil so that it can be recovered before getting to the beach. The boom curtain comes with a circular flotation device and a skirt that is continuously being used to contain oil in rough seas. Boom fence using an air flotation device to sit on the water's surface. Inflatable booms come in various sizes and shapes. Booms can be attached to a buoy or pier to support the ship and they can float freely.
Image Source: Google
The skimmer is a mechanical device to clean the oil from the water surface or shoreline. They can be operated from the shore or the use of the ship. Skimmer suction works in similarity with vacuum cleaners to absorb the oil by means of a floating head and they are ideal for smooth waters.
Sorbents are highly absorbent material and they are used to absorb oil off the coast or in open water. They can be natural materials such as sawdust, peat, or straw, and there are inorganic sorbents such as sand, perlite, and vermiculite.